All George’s Writings

Online Articles

Obama Reframes Syria: Metaphor and War Revisited. Huffington Post (online). September 6, 2013.

How the State of the Union Worked. Huffington Post (online). February 15, 2013.

Why Ultra-Conservatives Like the Sequester. Huffington Post (online). February 26, 2013.

Neural Social Science, Chapter 2 Neurosociology. 2013.

The Santorum Strategy. Huffington Post (online). March 12, 2012.

The Wisconsin Blues. Huffington Post (online). June 12, 2012.

Economics and Morality: Paul Krugman’s Framing. Huffington Post (online). June 14, 2012.

Obama vs. Romney: The Framing Matchup, Round One. Huffington Post (online). June 18, 2012.

Metaphor and Health Care: On The Power to Make Metaphor Into Law. Huffington Post (online). June 25, 2012.

What Hath Roberts Wrought?. Huffington Post (online). July 2, 2012.

Appreciating Undocumented Americans. Huffington Post (online). July 9, 2012.

The Sacredness of Life and Liberty. Huffington Post (online). July 16, 2012.

The Public: Obama’s and Romney’s Opposed Visions for a Free America. Huffington Post (online). July 30, 2012.

Obama Defends Freedom of Religion: Be Not Afraid of Mitt Romney. Huffington Post (online). August 10, 2012.

Romney, Ryan and the Devil’s Budget: Will America Keep Its Soul?. Huffington Post (online). August 22, 2012.

Explaining Embodied Cognition Results, Topics in Cognitive Science. September 7, 2012.

Romney’s Apology Frame. Huffington Post (online). September 17, 2012.

What to Watch for in the Presidential Debates. Huffington Post (online). October 2, 2012.

Why Obama Lost the First Debate. Huffington Post (online). October 4, 2012.

Moral Leadership: What Obama Has to Show Tomorrow in the Debate Performance, and for Real. Huffington Post (online). October 15, 2012.

Global Warming Systemically Caused Hurricane Sandy. Huffington Post (online). October 30, 2012.

Why It’s Hard to Replace the ‘Fiscal Cliff’ Metaphor. Huffington Post (online). December 3, 2012.

Michigan’s New Corporate Servitude Law: It Takes Away Worker Rights. Huffington Post (online). December 13, 2012.

The Price of Our Freedom. Huffington Post (online). December 17, 2012.

The “New Centrism” and Its Discontents. Huffington Post (online). January 25, 2011.

The New Obama Narrative. Huffington Post (online). January 28, 2011.

What Conservatives Really Want. Huffington Post (online). February 19, 2011.

The Real Issues: A Wisconsin Update. Huffington Post (online). February 26, 2011.

Obama Returns to His Moral Vision: Democrats Read Carefully!. Huffington Post (online). April 17, 2011.

Why Democracy Is Public: The American Dream Beats the Nightmare. Huffington Post (online). July 28, 2011.

How Obama Got It Right. Huffington Post (online). September 9, 2011.

The Use of 9/11 to Consolidate Conservative Power: Intimidation via Framing. Huffington Post (online). September 11, 2011.

How to Frame Yourself: A Framing Memo for Occupy Wall Street. Huffington Post (online). October 19, 2011.

Occupy Elections, With a Simple Message. Huffington Post (online). November 30, 2011.

Words That Don’t Work. Huffington Post (online). December 7, 2011.

Untellable Truths. Huffington Post (online). December 10, 2010.

What the Pundits Missed. Huffington Post (online). November 3, 2010.

On Environmental Communication. Huffington Post (online). September 28, 2010.

Why the Democrats’ Response to the Pledge Has Been Inadequate. Huffington Post (online). September 27, 2010.

The Cry for Democratic Moral Leadership and Effective Communication. Huffington Post (online). September 2010.

Conservatism’s Death Gusher. Huffington Post (online). July 2010.

Double Dividend: Make Money By Saving Nature.
Huffington Post (online). July 2010.

Save, Baby, Save: A Barrel Saved Is a Barrel Not Needed — Ever. Huffington Post (online). July 14, 2010.

Disaster Messaging. Huffington Post (online). July 8, 2010.

Privatization of Public Housing Shelved – For Now. Huffington Post (online). June 2010.

Obama’s Missing Moral Narrative. Huffington Post (online). May 28, 2010.

HUD Is Trying to Privatize and Mortgage Off All of America’s Public Housing. Huffington Post (online). May 21, 2010.

The Poll Democrats Need to Know About. Huffington Post (online). April 15, 2010.

Brown v. Democracy. Huffington Post (online). March 3, 2010.

Health Means Life; Health Means Freedom. Huffington Post (online). February 22, 2010.

A Good Week for Science (Or, What Eating Worms Reveals About Politics). Huffington Post (online). February 21, 2010.

Where’s The Movement? Huffington Post (online). January 25, 2010.

Give Thanks To Kathleen Sebelius For Saving 47,000 Women From Death By Cost-Benefit Analysis. Huffington Post (online). November 24, 2009.

Ending Minority Rule in California: One Sentence Can Do It. Huffington Post (online). September 24, 2009.

The PolicySpeak Disaster for Health Care. Huffington Post (online). August 20, 2009.

Empathy, Sotomayor, and Democracy: The Conservative Stealth Strategy. Huffington Post (online). May 30, 2009.

The Voters Set the Democrats Free; Will They Act Like It? Huffington Post (online). May 20, 2009.

Why Environmental Understanding, or “Framing,” Matters: An Evaluation of the EcoAmerica Summary Report. Huffington Post (online). May 19, 2009.

Health Care Reform: Some Basic Principles. Huffington Post (online). May 8, 2009.

The Obama Code. Huffington Post (online). February 24, 2009.

A Brief Guide to the Debates. Huffington Post (online). October 2, 2008.

The McCain Trap and Obama’s Debate Challenge. Huffington Post (online). September 26, 2008.

Don’t Think of a Maverick! Could the Obama Campaign Be Improved? Huffington Post (online). September 11, 2008.

Death by Definition: Save the Endangered Species Act! Now! Huffington Post (online). September 8, 2008.

The Palin Choice and the Reality of the Political Mind. Huffington Post (online). September 1, 2008.

The Philosophy Behind the Words. Huffington Post (online). August 25, 2008.

The Mind and the Obama Magic. Huffington Post (online). July 6, 2008.

What Counts as an “Issue” In the Clinton-Obama Race? Huffington Post (online). January 1, 2008.

The Neural Theory of Metaphor. To appear in Raymond Gibbs, Jr. (ed.) The Metaphor Handbook. Oxford University Press.

Occupation: The Inconvenient Truth about Iraq.
Huffington Post (online). 2006.

(with Evan Frisch) Five years after 911: Drop the War Metaphor. Huffington Post (online). 2006.

Twelve Traps to Avoid. Huffington Post (online). 2006.

Biconceptualism. Huffington Post (online). 2006.

Reframing: Words to Reclaim. Huffington Post (online). 2006.

Building on the Progressive Victory. Huffington Post (online). 2006.

The Neuroscience of Form in Art. In Mark Turner, The Artful Mind. Oxford University Press. 2006.

Whose Idea of Freedom Will Shape America’s Future? Boston Globe. 2006

Staying the Course Right over a Cliff. NY Times 2006

Republicans frame immigration. AlterNet (online). 2006.

Framing Versus Spin: Rockridge as opposed to Luntz. RockridgeInstitute.Org (online). 2006.

(with Marc Ettlinger and Sam Ferguson) George Bush Is Not Incompetent. Huffington Post (online). 2006.

When Cognitive Science Enters Politics. RockridgeInstitute.Org (online). 2006.

Beyond Beauty and Wonder. RockridgeInstitute.Org (online). 2006.

The Post-Katrina Era. Huffington Post (online). 2005.

Rove Rides Again — With the Help of the Democrats. Huffington Post (online). 2005.

(with John Halpin) Framing Katrina. The American Prospect Online. 2005.

The ‘Language of Values’ in Politics. AlterNet (online). 2005.

The Foreign Language of Choice. AlterNet (online). 2005.

(with Ellen Dodge) The Neural Basis of Image Schemas. From Perception to Meaning: Image Schemas in Cognitive Linguistics. Edited by Beate Hampe and Joseph E. Grady (Editors). Benjamins. 2005.

(with Vittorio Gallese) The Brain’s Concepts: The Role of the Sensory-Motor System in Conceptual Knowledge. In Cognitive Neuropsychology, 2005, 21 (4) 2005.

The Cognitive Foundations of Mathematics. In Handbook of Mathematical Cognition, (ed.) Jamie Campbell. Psychology Press. 2005.

A Cognitive Scientist Looks at Daubert. In Supplement to Journal of the American Public Health Association. 2005.

Why Literal Meaning? In S. Coulson and B. Lewandowska-Tomascyk, The Literal-Nonliteral Distinction.Berlin: Peter Lang. 2005.

On Moral Values. In The Nation. November 2004.

The Republican Nights: Nailing the Frames of the Republican National Convention.

New Lenses for Your Frames: An Analysis of the Framing of Living Wage. In Winning Wages, San Francisco: Media Alliance, 2004.

Inside the Frame. Buzzflash. January 15, 2004.

A Man of His Words. Alternet, September 8, 2004.

The Hidden State of the Union.
January 27, 2004.

The Frame Around Arnold.
Alternet. October 13, 2003.

Metaphors of Terror. Alternet. September 16, 2003. U. of Chicago Press

Betrayal of Trust. Alternet. September 15, 2003.

Framing the Dems. The American Prospect. September 2003, 32-35. Reprinted on Alternet.

Metaphor and War, Again.
Alternet, March 18, 2003.

(with Mark Johnson) Afterword to the Second Edition of Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2003.

(with Mark Johnson) Why Cognitive Linguistics Requires Embodied Realism. Cognitive Linguistics. 13-3: 245-264.

In Sanford, Anthony (ed.), The Nature and Limits of Human Understanding. Edinburgh: T & T Clark. In press.

The Embodied Mind, and How to Live with One. The 2001 Gifford Lectures.
Lecture 1: How the Body Shapes Thought: Thinking with an All-Too-Human Brain;
Lecture 2: How to Live With an Embodied Mind: When Causation, Mathematics, the
Soul, and God Are Essentially Metaphorical Ideas.

Afterword to Second Edition of Moral Politics: How Liberals and Conservatives Think. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2002.

The Problem of Strategic Framing for the Global Interdependence Initiative: Defining the Analytic Task. Internal Report. New York: Aspen Institute. 2000.

Metaphorical Thought in Foreign Policy: Why Strategic Framing Matters To the Global Interdependence Initiative. Internal Report. New York: Aspen Institute. 2000.

(with Lawrence Rinder) Consciousness Art: Attending to the quality of experience. Catalogue essay for Searchlight: Consciousness at the Millenium: New York: Thames and Hudson. 1999.

(with Joseph Grady) Why Early Ed Benefits All Of Us: Communications Strategies For Early Childhood Education. Washington, DC: Benton Foundation. 1998.

(with Rafael Núñez, R.) What did Weierstrass really define?The cognitive structure of natural and ε-δ continuity. Mathematical Cognition, 4(2), 85-101. 1998.

How Unconscious Metaphorical Thought Shapes Dreams. (1997). In Cognitive Science and the Unconscious. Edited by Dan J. Stein. American Psychiatric Press.

Metaphor and the Self. In Ulric Neisser and David Jopling (eds.), Culture, Experience, and Self-Concept: The Seventh Emory Symposium in Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1997.

Testing The Limits of Brain Plasticity, Or, Why Is There A Wall Down The Middle Of The Tub? In Arakawa & Madeleine Gins, Catalogue for their Retrospective at the Guggenheim Museum, New York City. 1997.

(with Rafael Núñez) The Metaphorical Structure of Mathematics: Sketching Out Cognitive Foundations For a Mind-Based Mathematics. To appear in Lyn English (Ed.), Mathematical Reasoning: Analogies, Metaphors, and Images. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. 1997.

The Metaphor System For Morality. In Goldberg, A. (ed.) Conceptual Structure, Discourse, and Language I. Cambridge University Press. 1996.

Foreword to Regier, Terry. The Human Semantic Potential. MIT Press. 1996.

Reflections on Metaphors and Grammar. In Thompson, Sandra and Matt Shibatani (eds.) Festschrift for Charles Fillmore. Philadelphia: Benjamins. 1996.

Sorry, I’m Not Myself Today: The Metaphor System for Conceptualizing the Self. In Fauconnier, Gilles and Eve Sweetser (eds) Spaces, Worlds, and Grammars. University of Chicago Press, 1996.

L0 — The First Five Years of an Automated Language Acquisition Project (with Feldman, J., Bailey, D., Narayanan, S., Regier, T., and Stolcke, A.) in AI Review, Special Issue on Integration of Nautral Language and Vision Processing, ed. Paul McKevitt, Vol. 10, 1996, 103-129.

“Reflections on Metaphor and Grammar” In Thompson, Sandra and Matt Sibatani (eds.) Festschrift for Charles Fillmore. Philadelphia: Benjamins. 1996.

Metaphor, Morality, and Politics, Or, Why Conservatives Have Left Liberals In The Dust. In Social Research, Vo. 62, No. 2, pp. 177-214, Summer, 1995.

Foreign Policy By Metaphor (with Paul Chilton). In Schäffner, Christina and Anita Wenden, Language and Peace, Aldershot: Dartmouth, 1995.

Embodied Minds aned Meanings. In Baumgartner, Peter and Sabine Payr, Speaking Minds: Interviews with Twenty Eminent Cognitive Scientists, Princeton: Princeon University Press, 1995.

Body, Brain, and Communication. In Brook, James and Iain S. Boal (eds.) Resisting the Virutal Life, San Francisco: City Lights, 1995.

Steps Toward a Neurocognitive Self: Conceptual System Research in the 21st Century And Its Role in Rethinking What a Person Is. In The Science of the Mind; 2001 and Beyond., Massaro, Dom and Robert Solso (eds). Oxford University Press, 1995.

Forward to 2nd edition of Mental Spaces by Gilles Fauconnier. Lakoff and Eve Sweetser. 1994.

What is a Conceptual System? In William Overton (ed.) Proceedings of the 1991 Meeting of the Piaget Society. Norwood, N.J.: Erlbaum. 1994.

What is Metaphor? In John Barnden and Keith Holyoak (Eds.) Advances in Connectionist and Neural Computation Theory, Vol. 3: Analogical Connections. Norwood, N.J.:Ablex Publishing Company. 1994.

The Cognitive Science of Presocratic Metaphysics. Lakoff. 1994.

Convergence Zones and Conceptual Structures. 1993.

“Grounded Concepts Without Symbols” Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society, June, 1993.

“How Metaphor Structures Dreams: The Theory of Conceptual Metaphor Applied to Dream Analysis.” In Dreaming. , June, 1993.

The Contemporary Theory of Metaphor. In Andrew Ortony (ed.), Metaphor and Thought (second edition), Cambridge: At the University Press, 1993

Cognitive Phonology. In John Goldsmith (ed.), The Last Phonological Rule, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993

Metaphor and War: The Metaphor System Used To Justify War In The Gulf. Distributed by electronic mail, December, 1990. Reprinted in Harry Kreisler (ed.) Confrontation in the Gulf: University of California Professors Talk About the War. Berkeley, CA: Institute of International Studies, 1992; also in Brien Hallet (ed.), Engulfed in War: Just War and the Persian Gulf, Honolulu: Matsunaga Institute for Peace, 1991. Also in: Journal of Urban and Cultural Studies, vol. 2, no. 1, 1991. Also in: Vietnam Generation Newsletter, vol. 3, no. 2, November 1991. Also in: The East Bay Express, February, 1991.

Experientialist Philosophy. Lakoff and Johnson. 1992.

Metaphor: The Language of the Unconscious. The Theory of Conceptual Metaphor Applied to Dream Analysis Lakoff 1992.

Multiple Selves: The Metaphorical Models of the Self Inherent In Our Conceptual System
. Lakoff. 1992.

Cognitive Versus Generative Linguistics: How Commitments Influence Results. In Language and Communication, vol. 1, no. 1, 1990.

Some Empirical Results About The Nature Of Concepts. In Mind and Language, 1990.

The Invariance Hypothesis. In Cognitive Linguistics, vol. 1, no. 1, 1990.

The Syntax of Metaphoric Semantic Roles. In Semantics and the Lexicon, James Pustejovsky (Ed.), Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1990.

Miniature Language Acquisition – A touchstone for cognitive science. Feldman, Lakoff, Stolcke, and Weber. 1990.

Cognitive Science and The Law. 1990′s

Metaphor (Encyclopedia Entry). 1990′s.

Philosophical Speculation and Cognitive Science. In Philosophical Psychology, vol. 2, no. 1, 1989.

Cognitive Semantics. In Umberto Eco (ed.), Meaning and Mental Representation, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988.

A Suggestion for a Linguistics with Connectionist Foundations
. In D. Touretzky (ed.), Proceedings of the 1988 Connectionist Summer School. Morgan Kaufmann, 1988.

Lexical Causatives and Prototype Theory- A Reply to Gergely and Bever in Cognition. 1988.

Cognitive Topology and Lexical Networks. With Claudia Brugman. 1988

(with Peter Norvig) Taking: A Study in Lexical Network Theory. In BLS 13, 1987.

Image Metaphors. In Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, II:3, 1987.

The Death of Dead Metaphor. In Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, II:2, 1987.

(With Mark Johnson) The Metaphorical Logic of Rape. In Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, II:1, 1987.

Prototype Theory and Cognitive Models. In Neisser, Ulrich (ed.) The Intellectual and Ecological Bases of Concepts. Cambridge University Press. 1987.

Linguistics as a Cognitive Science And Its Role in an Undergraduate Curriculum
. Linguistic Society of America, 1987.

Anger.” An excerpt from Women, Fire, And Dangerous Things. 1987.

Cognitive Semantics. 1986. Berkeley Cognitive Science Report, No. 40. Also in: Versus.

Argument Forms in Lexical Semantics. With Claudia Brugman Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 1986.

Why Anaphora Constraints Are Not Syntactic
. Lakoff and Claudia Brugman. 1986.

The Semantics of Aux-Inversion and Anaphora Constraints. Lakoff and Claudia Brugman. 1986.

The Meanings of Literal. To appear in Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, I:4, 1986.

A Figure of Thought. In Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, I:3, 1986.

Frame Semantic Control of the Coordinate Structure Constraint
. Proceedings of the 21st Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, 1986.

Classifiers as a Reflection of Mind: The Experiential, Imaginative, and Ecological Aspects
. In Craig, C. (ed) Noun Classes and Categorization, Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1986.
Also appeared as Cognitive Science Report, No. 19, University of California, Berkeley, 1984.

(with Zoltán Kövecses) The Cognitive Model of Anger Inherent in American English. Cognitive Science Report No. 10. University of California, Berkeley, 1984.
Reprinted in Holland, D. and N. Quinn, Cultural Models in Language and Thought, Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Metaphor, Folk Theories and the Possibilities of Dialogue. 1982. In Ilari,R. and M. Dascal, eds., Proceedings of the International Encounter in Philosophy of Language.

Continuous Reframing. Poetics Journal 1:1, 1982.

(with George Coates) Present Theater. Call Board, 1982.

Categories and Cognitive Models. University of California, Berkeley, Cognitive Science Report, No. 2. 1982.

Categories. In Linguistic Society of Korea, eds., Linguistics in the Morning Calm. Seoul: Hanshin, 1982.

Prototypes In Syntax. Lakoff. 1982.

(with Mark Johnson) Toward an Experientialist Philosophy: The Case from Literal Metaphor. In Johnson, Mark, ed., Philosophical Perspectives on Metaphor. University of Minnesota Press, 1981.

(with Mark Johnson) Conceptual Metaphors in Everyday Language. Journal of Philosophy, August, 1980.

(with Mark Johnson) The Metaphorical Nature of the Human Conceptual System. Cognitive Science, 1980.

Getting the Whole Picture. Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society. Berkeley Linguistics Society, 1980.

Some Remarks on AI and Linguistics. Cognitive Science, 1978.

Linguistic Gestalts. In Papers from the Thirteenth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistics Society. 1977.

(with H. Thompson) Dative Quesions in Cognitive Grammar. In Functionalism, Chicago Linguistic Society, 1975.

(with H. Thompson) Cognitive Grammar. In Papers from the First Regional Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society. 1975.

Pragmatics and Natural Logic. In E.L. Keenan (ed) Semantics for Natural Languages, Cambridge University Press, 1974.
Reprinted in A. Rogers et al., Performatives, Implicatures, and Presuppositions, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1977.

Syntactic Amalgams. In Papers from the Tenth Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society. 1974.

Interview with Herman Parret. In Herman Parret, Discussing Language, Mouton, 1973.

Humanistic Linguistics. In Francis P. Dineen (ed) Georgetown Roundtable on Languages and Linguistics. Georgetown University Press. 1973.

Some Thoughts on Transderivational Constraints. In Braj B. Kachru et al. (eds) Issues in Linguistics: Papers in Honor of Henry and Renee Kahane. U. of Illinois Press, 1973.

Fuzzy Grammar and the Performance/Competence Terminology Game. In Papers from the Ninth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society. 1973.

Notes on What It Would Take To Understand How One Adverb Works. The Monist. 1973.

Hedges: A Study in Meaning Criteria and the Logic of Fuzzy Concepts. In Papers from the Eight Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, 1972. Also in Journal of Philosophical Logic, 1973.

Discussion of John Grinder, “On the Cycle in Syntax”. In John Kimball (ed) Syntax and Semantics, Volume I, Seminar Press, 1972.

Performative Antinomies. Foundations of Language. 1972.

The Global Nature of the Nuclear Stress Rule. Language. 1972.

The Arbitrary Basis of Transformational Grammar. Language. 1972.

(with David Gordon) Conversational Postulates. In Proceedings of the Seventh Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, 1971.
Reprinted in Morgan and Cole (eds.) Speech Acts. Academic Press. 1975.

On Generative Semantics. In Jacobovits and Steinberg, Semantics: An Interdisciplinary Reader, Cambridge University Press, 1971.

The Role of Deduction in Grammar. In Fillmore and Langendoen (eds.), Studies in Linguistic Semantics, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971.

Linguistics and Natural Logic. Synthese. 1971. Reprinted in Davidson and Harman (eds.) Semantics in Natural Language, Reidel, 1972. Also reprinted as books in German and French translations.

Adverbs and Opacity. U. of Michigan mimeo. 1970. Distributed by Indiana University Linguistics Club.

Adverbs and Modal Operators. U. of Michigan mimeo. 1970. Distributed by Indiana Linguistics Club.

Global Rules. Language. 1970.

Presupposition and Relative Well-formedness. In Todd, W. (ed.) Philosophical Linguistics, Series I, Great Expectations: Evanston, 1969. Reprinted in Jacobovits and Steinberg, Semantics: An Interdisciplinary Reader, Cambridge University Press, 1971.

Repartee. Foundations of Language. 1970.

On Derivational Constraints. In Papers from the Fifth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society. 1969.

Empiricism Without Facts. (Review Article) Foundations of Language, 1969.

Counterparts, or the Problem of Reference in Transformational Grammar. Harvard mimeo, 1968. Distributed by Indiana University Linguistics Club.

Phonological Restructuring and Grimm’s Law. In Studies Presented to Roman Jakobson by his Students, Slavica, 1968.

Pronouns and Reference. Harvard mimeo. 1968. Distributed by Indiana Linguistics Club. Reprinted in J.D. McCawley, Notes from the Linguistic Underground, Academic Press, 1977.

Pronominalization, Negation, and the Analysis of Adverbs. In Jacobs and Rosenbaum, Readings in English Transformational Grammar. Blaisdell. 1970.

Instrumental Adverbs and the Concept of Deep Structure. In Report NSF-20, Harvard Computation Lab. 1968.
Also in Foundations of Language, 1968.

Some Verbs of Change and Causation. In Report NSF-20, Harvard Computation Lab. 1968.

(with J. R. Ross) Is Deep Structure Necessary? Harvard-MIT mimeo. 1967.
Reprinted in J.D. McCawley, Notes From The Linguistic Underground, Academic Press, 1977.

Deep and Surface Grammar. Distributed through PEGS ERIC. 1967.

(with P.S. Peters) Phrasal Conjunction and Symmetric Predicates. In Report NSF-17, Harvard Computation Lab. 1966.
Reprinted in Reibel and Schane, Modern Studies in English, Prentice Hall. 1969.

A Note on Negation. In Report NSF-17, 1966.

Stative Adjectives and Verbs in English. In Report NSF-17, Harvard Computation Lab. 1966.

Structural Complexity in Fairy Tales. Indiana University. 1964. ms.
Reprinted in The Study of Man, UC Irvine, 1974.

Toward Generative Semantics. MIT Mechanical Translation Project Report. 1963.